This page provides information on the Global Illumination rollout.
The Global Illumination rollout appears under the GI tab. It controls various settings related to GI and specifies the Primary engine and Secondary engine.
For additional information on the different GI engines and how they compare with each other, see the Indirect Illumination page.
UI Path: ||Render Setup window|| > GI tab > Global illumination rollout
The following parameters are visible from the Global illumination rollout when set to the Default Render UI Mode.
Enable GI – Turns indirect illumination on and off.
Primary engine – Specifies the method to be used for primary diffuse bounces.
Irradiance map – Causes V-Ray to use an irradiance map for primary diffuse bounces. See the Irradiance Map Settings page for more information.
Brute force – Causes V-Ray to use direct computation for primary diffuse bounces. See the Brute force Settings page for more information.
Light cache – Sets light cache as the primary GI engine. See the Light Cache Settings page for more information.
Secondary engine – Determines how V-Ray calculates secondary diffuse bounces.
None – No secondary bounces are computed. Use this option to produce skylit images without indirect color bleeding.
Brute force – Causes V-Ray to use direct computation for secondary diffuse bounces. See the Brute force Settings page for more information.
Light cache – Sets light cache as the secondary GI engine. See the Light Cache Settings page for more information.
Example: Light Bounces
These examples show the effect of the different primary and secondary engines. Note that by default Brute Force has 3 light bounces and Light Cache works with 100 light bounces. All the examples are set to their default values.
The following parameters are added to the list of visible settings available from the Global illumination rollout when set to the Advanced Render UI Mode.
GI caustics represent light that has gone through one diffuse, and one or several specular reflections (or refractions). GI caustics can be generated by skylight, or self-illuminated objects, for example. However, caustics caused by direct lights cannot be simulated in this way. You must use the separate Caustics section to control direct light caustics. Note that GI caustics are usually hard to sample and may introduce noise in the GI solution.
Refractive GI caustics – Allows indirect light to be reflected from specular objects (mirrors etc). Note that this is not the same as Caustics, which represent direct light going through specular surfaces.
Reflective GI caustics – Allows indirect lighting to pass through transparent objects (glass etc). Note that this is not the same as Caustics, which represent direct light going through transparent objects. You need refractive GI caustics to get skylight through windows, for example.
Saturation – Controls the saturation of the GI; a value of 0.0 means that all color is removed from the GI solution and is in shades of gray only. The default value of 1.0 means the GI solution remains unmodified. Values above 1.0 boost the colors in the GI solution.
Contrast – Works together with Contrast base to boost the contrast of the GI solution. When Contrast is 0.0, the GI solution becomes completely uniform with the value defined by Contrast base. A value of 1.0 means the solution remains unmodified. Values higher than 1.0 boost the contrast.
Contrast base – Determines the base for the contrast boost. It defines the GI values that remain unchanged during the contrast calculations.
Amb. occlusion – Enables or disables ambient occlusion. The multiplier controls the amount of ambient occlusion. A value of 0.0 produces no ambient occlusion, while higher values make the ambient occlusion effect more prominent.
Radius – The ambient occlusion radius.
Subdivs – Determines the number of samples used for calculating ambient occlusion. Lower values render faster, but might introduce noise.
Example: GI Caustics
This example shows GI caustics generated by a self-illuminated object.
Example: Ambient Occlusion
This example demonstrates the effect of the global ambient occlusion options.
The first image is rendered without ambient occlusion, with Brute force GI engine for primary bounces, and the Light cache as a secondary engine with Filter type Nearest.The second image is rendered with Light Cache as a primary GI engine. Filter is set to Fixed and Ambient occlusion is enabled. The render times include the time for calculating the light cache. Note how ambient occlusion can produce a feeling of a more detailed image, even though the result is not entirely correct.
The following parameters are added to the list of visible settings available from the Global illumination rollout when set to the Expert Render UI Mode.
(Primary engine) Multiplier – Determines how much the primary diffuse bounces contribute to the final image illumination. Note that the default value of 1.0 produces a physically accurate image. Other values are possible, but not physically plausible.
(Secondary engine) Multiplier – Determines the effect of secondary diffuse bounces on the scene illumination. Values close to 1.0 can wash out a scene, while values around 0.0 may produce a dark image. Note that the default value of 1.0 produces physically accurate results. While other values are possible, they are not physically plausible.
- V-Ray does not have a separate skylight system. The skylight effect can be achieved by setting the background color or environment map in the 3ds Max environment dialogue, or in V-Ray's own Environment rollout.
- You will get physically accurate lighting if you set both the primary and secondary GI multipliers to their default value of 1.0. While other values are possible, they will not produce a physically accurate result.