This page provides information on the Frame buffer rollout under the V-Ray tab in the Render Setup window.
The settings in the Frame buffer rollout control various aspects of the V-Ray Frame Buffer, a display window for renderings optimized for V-Ray.
When rendering in 3ds Max without V-Ray, renderings appear in the 3ds Max frame buffer. The V-Ray Frame Buffer works similarly in that it displays the rendered image as it is generated, and also provides additional tools specific to V-Ray.
Due to technical reasons, the original 3ds Max frame buffer is still created at render time even if rendering to the V-Ray Frame Buffer. However, when the V-Ray Frame Buffer is enabled, V-Ray will not render any data to the 3ds Max frame buffer. To preserve memory consumption when using the V-Ray Frame Buffer, the following settings are recommended:
- Under the Common tab Output Size section in the Render Setup window, set both Width and Height to low values such as 100.
- Under the Common tab Render Output section, disable the Rendered Frame Window option.
- In the V-Ray Frame Buffer rollout (described on this page), disable Get resolution from MAX and enter the desired Width and Height values along with any other needed information such as Image aspect.
||Render Setup window|| > V-Ray tab > Frame buffer rollout
(When V-Ray Adv is the Production renderer)
||Render Setup window|| > V-Ray RT tab > Frame buffer rollout
(When V-Ray RT is the Production renderer)
Show last VFB – If you have rendered to the V-Ray VFB but have closed it, this button opens it again. The same can also be achieved with the showLastVFB() MaxScript method of the V-Ray renderer.
Enable built-in frame buffer – Enables the use of built-in V-Ray Frame Buffer. When disabled, renderings appear in the 3ds Max frame buffer instead.
Memory frame buffer – Creates a V-Ray frame buffer and will use it to store color data that you can observe while rendering and afterwards. If you wish to render really high resolutions that would not fit into memory or that may eat up a lot of your RAM not allowing for the scene to render properly, you can turn this feature off and use only Render to V-Ray raw image file feature.
Get resolution from 3ds Max – Causes the V-Ray VFB to take its resolution from the 3ds Max common render settings.
Output resolution – Specifies the resolution to use with the V-Ray frame buffer.
Pixel aspect – Specifies the pixel aspect for the rendered image in the V-Ray frame buffer.
V-Ray raw image file – When enabled, V-Ray directly writes to disk the raw image data as it is being rendered. It does not store any data in the RAM, so this feature is very handy when rendering huge resolutions for preserving memory. If you wish to see what is being rendered, you can turn on the Generate preview setting. You can specify either a .vrimg or an .exr file for output:
If you specify an .exr extension, V-Ray will write out a tiled OpenEXR file that can be used directly by 3ds Max or other compositing applications. The file contains all render elements for the image. When you click the Browse button you can specify the file name and whether you want the image saved in a 16bit or a 32bit .exr.
If you are using the Progressive Image Sampler, the image is kept in the memory during the rendering. You need to manually stop the rendering, or set a limit and wait for the rendering to complete before the .vrimg is saved.
Generate preview – Creates a small preview of what is being rendered. If you are not using the V-Ray memory frame buffer for conserving memory (i.e. Render to memory frame buffer is diabled), you can use this feature to see a small image of what is being actually rendered and stop the renderer if there is anything that looks wrong.
Separate render channels – Allows the user to save the channels from the VFB into separate files. Use the Browse... button to specify the file. This option is available only when rendering to a memory frame buffer. If rendering is done only to a raw image file, the render channels can be extracted from that file after rendering is complete. If Lens Effects or the VRayDenoiser render element are enabled, the RGB channel will be saved with the text origRGB appended to the file name, and the effectsResult channel will have the text RGB_color appended to it.
Separate folders – Save each render element to a separate folder based on it's name.
Save RGB and Save Alpha – Allows the user to disable saving of the RGB and Alpha channels respectively. This can be useful if you only want to generate other render channels. Note that V-Ray will still generate the RGB and Alpha channels; however, they will not be saved.
Note: All saving formats are supported by the VFB (Render Setup > V-Ray tab > Frame Buffer) and 3ds Max output (Render Setup > Common tab > Render Output). Resumable information is stored in additional .vrimg or .vrprog files. Resuming a render with bucket sampling will use and create additional .vrimg files. Resuming a render with progressive sampling will use and create separate .vrprog (progressive resumable) files. For instance, if resumable rendering is enabled when rendering to a PNG file format using the progressive sampler, resumable information will be saved as a .vrprog file along with the output PNG.
Autosave Interval (min) – Specifies an interval in minutes for saving resumable files during rendering. This usage applies only to Progressive sampling; Bucket renderings are saved on every completed bucket. A value of 0 disables autosaving during rendering and resumable files will be saved only at the end of the rendering.
There are some additional parameters of the VFB which are not available in the interface but are accessible through MAXScript. These may be useful in certain situations. Below are listed the MaxScript names of these parameters.
output_renderType – This allows you to override the render type, specified in the 3ds Max settings. Possible values are:
0 – use 3ds Max render type (default)
1 – render the full image
2 – region rendering
3 – crop rendering
4 – blow-up rendering
output_regxmin – The left coordinate (in pixels) of the region to render (for region/crop/blow-up rendering)
output_regxmax – The right coordinate (in pixels) of the region to render (for region/crop/blow-up rendering)
output_regymin – The top coordinate (in pixels) of the region to render (for region/crop/blow-up rendering)
output_regymax – The bottom coordinate (in pixels) of the region to render (for region/crop/blow-up rendering)
Note that the region coordinates are always relative to the resolution specified in Output Size section of the 3ds Max Render Setup dialog. They are rescaled proportionally to fit the actual VFB resolution, if Get resolution from Max is disabled.