This page gives provides examples on using the Sampler Info node with extra V-Ray Attributes.

 

Page Contents

 

Overview


The Sampler Info node is a Maya utility node that provides various scene information. V-Ray Extra Attributes can be applied to the node to increase the node's output options. For more information, see the Additional Outputs section of the Texture Attributes page.

The Sampler Info node is a color image that provides information about the scene, with the choice to show any of various aspects as color blocks. This provides information about various aspects of the shaded points such as position, normal, bump normal, reflection/refraction vectors and UVW coordinates. It can be used either for world position passes or normal passes. It also extracts information about the scene, converting the gathered information into RGB data for use in compositing.

 


 

UI Path: ||Select Sampler Info node|| > Attribute Editor > Attributes menu > VRay > Additional outputs

 

 

 

Common Uses


The SamplerInfo node extracts particular information about the scene. It then converts the gathered information into RGB data, it can be used within the Maya Hypershade can be also used to drive a material channel to achieve various effects. This can provide more render passes with information that can allow more possibilities to editing during the compositing process.

 

 


 

Example: UV Coordinate Render Element

 

By plugging in the SamplerInfo node to the Extra Texture Render Element, several additional render passes can be created.

To create a pass that represents UV coordinate information as red, green or blue colors, create a SamplerInfo node and use the Maya Connection Editor to connect the U Coord and V Coord outputs to different Vray Texture Extratex inputs for R, G, or B. In the example shown below, the U Coord output is connected to Vray Texture Extratex R and the V Coord output is connected to Vray Texture Extratex G. This causes the U coordinate information to appear as red in the render pass, while the V coordinate information appears as green.

 

 

 


HyperShade node graph with connection to create UV Coordinate pass

 

 


UV Coordinate render from ExtraTex pass

 

 

 

 


 

Example: Random Colors by Object ID

 

Using the SamplerInfo node with the V-Ray Additional outputs in the Maya Hypershade, it is possible to apply a random color (or texture) over several objects based on each object's Object ID. To do this, connect the Vray Random By ID output to a ramp texture, and connect the ramp texture to any texture channel in a material. This will apply a different color (or texture connected to a color slot in the ramp texture) for each ID on objects within a scene.

In the example rendering below, the switches, sliders, and buttons that appear in the bottom part of the image have been assigned various Object IDs, and objects with the same Object ID receive the same color.

 

 

 

 


Vray Random By ID controlling the V Coord parameter of a V Ramp with Interpolation set to Linear.
Colors of the switches are various colors between the different colors in the gradient.

 


Vray Random By ID controlling the V Coord parameter of a V Ramp with Interpolation set to None.
Colors of the switches are limited to the specific colors set in the gradient.

 

 

 


The V coordinates of a V Ramp with Interpolation set to Linear.

 


The V coordinates of a V Ramp with Interpolation set to None.

 

 

 




Example: Random Colors by Poly Shell

 

The SamplerInfo node, with the V-Ray Additional outputs in the Maya Hypershade, makes it possible to apply a random color (or texture) to multiple objects that have been combined into a single object. This is done by connecting the Vray Random By Poly Shell output to a ramp texture which is then connected to any texture channel in a material. This will apply a different color (or texture connected to a color slot in the ramp texture) to each poly shell within a scene.

In the example rendering below, the switches, sliders, and buttons in the bottom part of the image have been combined into a single object. As such, Vray Random By Poly Shell will apply a different color randomly to each poly shell within the object.

 

 

 


Vray Random By Poly Shell controlling the V coordinates of a V Ramp with Linear interpolation.

 


The V coordinates of a V Ramp with Interpolation set to Linear.

 

 

 



Example: Control Shadows with Switch Material and Object IDs

 

The Maya SamplerInfo node, with the V-Ray Additional outputs in the Hypershade, makes it possible to control which geometry casts shadows on other geometry within a scene. With this method, you control the casting and receiving of shadows via the VRaySwitchMtl material and Object IDs for the various objects.

For the object that will be casting shadows on other objects:

  • Assign the shadow-casting object an Object ID of 0.
  • In the material for this object, add Material Attributes and choose V-Ray Material Override as the type. This makes the Shadow Material slot available for the material.
  • Create a VRaySwitchMtl material, and connect the Materials Switch attribute to the Vray Parent Obj IDTex output of a SamplerInfo node.
  • Place this VRaySwitchMtl within the Shadow Material slot.

For objects that could potentially receive shadows from the shadow-casting object in the scene, assign an Object ID of 1 to geometry objects that you want to receive shadows, and an Object ID of 0 to geometry objects that you do not want to receive shadows. No special material is required for these objects.

In the example below, the V-Ray Switch material set up for shadow control is assigned to the topmost egg. By setting different Object IDs for other objects in the scene, shadows cast by the topmost egg can be limited to certain objects.

For more details, see the Controlling Shadows Using the Sampler Info Node page for a step-by-step tutorial.

 

 

 

 


No Switch Material used.
Topmost egg casts shadows on other eggs and grass. 

 


Eggs in grass have Object ID of 0, grass has Object ID of 1.
Topmost egg casts shadows on the grass but not on the other eggs. 

 


Eggs in grass have Object ID of 1, grass has Object ID of 0.
Topmost egg casts shadows on other eggs but not on the grass.

 

 

 


 

Example: Random Colors with Switch Material

 

The SamplerInfo node with the V-Ray Additional outputs, in the Maya Hypershade, makes it possible to apply a random color (or texture) by connecting the Vray Obj IDTex output to the Material Switch channel on a VRaySwitchMtl.

 

 

 


Vray Obj ID Tex controlling the V coordinates of a V Ramp with Linear interpolation.
Notice how the colors produced can be anywhere between the different colors in the gradient.

 


Vray Obj ID Tex controlling the V coordinates of a V Ramp with Interpolation set to None.
Notice how the colors produced are only the colors set in the gradient. 

 

 

 


The V coordinates of a V Ramp with Linear interpolation.

 


The V coordinates of a V Ramp with Interpolation set to None.