Please read the Set up GPU Rendering page prior to the FAQ.
Frequently Asked Questions
Which features are supported on the GPU?
The code base for V-Ray GPU differs from the code base for the CPU engine. The GPU code base is optimized for GPU hardware and supports a subset of the features of CPU rendering. For a complete list of supported features, please see the V-Ray GPU Supported Features page.
Can I choose which devices to be used for GPU rendering?
Yes. There are instructions how to do that in the GPU Setup section.
How can I check which devices on my system can be used for GPU rendering?
Why isn't my GPU device(s) listed?
Check the list of devices in the GPU Devices menu in the Export tab of the V-Ray Renderer node. If you don't see your device on the list there (the list is empty), try to uncheck the In process checkbox. This will make V-Ray run as a separate process, working around the limitation.
Why does the UI of my OS become sluggish when I use GPU?
- If you have multiple GPUs, you can speed up screen refresh time by removing the GPU used for monitor/viewport redraw from the devices that GPU uses for rendering.
- If you have only one GPU on your system, you could try reducing the value for Rays per pixel and/or Ray bundle size in V-Ray Renderer node > Renderer > IPR > Performance. This will break up the data passed to the GPU into smaller chunks so that user interface requests can be processed faster. However, this might reduce rendering speed. Enable Show statistics to check the difference in render speed (GPU utilization) as well as to help find the optimal settings for your system.
- The Low thread priority parameter was designed to help with this issue. Turn it on from V-Ray Renderer > Renderer > Options > Rendering.
V-Ray will display a warning if the GPU used for monitoring is participating in the rendering process.
How do I reduce the network bandwidth when using GPU with a heavy DR setup?
If you use many GPUs in DR nodes you may find that the network can become a bottleneck at some point, since the GPUs are producing data very fast. Increasing "Bundle Size" / "Rays Per Pixel" increases the size of the workload chunks that are being given to the DR nodes and helps reduce the communication between the client and the servers (you can try something like 192/32 or 256/64).
How do I check the memory usage on the GPU, and reduce the GPU memory needed for my scene?
You can use free 3rd party tools like MSI Afterburner and EVGA Precision to monitor both GPU memory usage and utilization. RT GPU also reports how much memory it uses for textures/geometry/light cache/etc in the V-Ray log.
Can GPU be used as production render?
Yes, but within its limitations.
How do I setup V-Ray GPU as my production renderer?
What are the differences between IPR and Production mode?
You can set V-Ray GPU as production renderer by the V-Ray Renderer node's parameters (Export tab > Mode).
By default, the V-Ray IPR node will use the settings from the V-Ray Renderer node. The main differences are that the IPR mode is interactive and the Production Rendering Mode is not. Production rendering allows you to render animations, and V-Ray will calculate and use Light Cache for GPU GI calculations if it has been set as secondary GI engine. For IPR, V-Ray GPU always uses Brute Force for both primary and secondary GI engine, unless Light Cache is used from file.
How do I use Light Cache with GPU?
Light Cache can be used as secondary GI engine with V-Ray GPU for production rendering. Brute Force is always used as the primary GI engine. In IPR mode, however, Brute Force is always used for primary and secondary GI engine, regardless of the GI engine settings, unless you load your Light Cache from a file. The reason for that is that the Light Cache is view dependent, and recalculating it every time the camera changes its position in IPR doesn't make much sense.
Why do some bump maps look different with GPU?
Procedural textures are supported for GPU bump maps, but because V-Ray GPU is a very different engine, the bump map itself can look a bit different compared to V-Ray.
Larger scenes cause a "Failed to allocate memory for buffer" error with V-Ray IPR GPU. Why?
If you get the following error message, this means that some or all of your video cards do not have sufficient memory to load the scene.
To solve this problem, you can enable texture resizing for GPU rendering and set a texture size limit. This will cause IPR GPU to use smaller textures for rendering to conserve memory. See more information on GPU texture resizing.
Why is the GPU rendering not much faster than the CPU rendering?
The difference in render speeds depends on the video cards and the CPUs that are compared, as well as on the scenes used as benchmarks. It is normal to achieve a big speed boost with the GPUs compared to the CPU with some scenes and to have equal performance with others.
Can I use multiple systems with GPU devices to speed up my rendering?
Yes, you can speed up your rendering using DR on multiple systems with CUDA enabled devices.
Keep in mind that some drivers may have limitations and may not be able to use GPUs if there is no monitor attached to the machine or you are logged in via Remote Desktop (for example). Check the GPU vendor documentation for more information.
Can GPU be used for scenes with Motion Blur?
Yes. Note that GPU supports motion blurred frames that are integer numbers only. Make sure the starting frame of your render is an integer number for motion blur to work correctly. For example, starting the render from frame 0 will produce correct motion blur, but starting from frame 1.25 will produce incorrect motion blur.
How to start IPR - with or without the VFB?
There are three ways to start rendering with V-Ray IPR. First, create both the V-Ray Renderer and V-Ray IPR nodes in your output network. Make sure you have added a camera into your scene.
- Go to Render View > Render button. V-Ray IPR will start rendering directly in the Render View.
- To render in the VFB, go to V-Ray Renderer > Export > Use V-Ray Frame Buffer. Once enabled, go to Render View and press the Render button.
- You can use the Render Region option, if you go to Scene View (viewport).
Can I use V-Ray GPU on Mac OS? How?
Though GPU rendering with CUDA on MacOS devices is no longer supported, the advanced users can bring back the old behavior by using the following environment variable: VRAY_APPSDK_UNHIDE_DEVICES=1 written in houdini.env.
How can I get access to the nightlies section?
If you have registered for V-Ray for Houdini Beta, then you automatically have access to the nightlies section. You can access them here. Note that you have to provide your Chaos Group credentials.
I run Houdini 16.5 Qt 4. Why does V-Ray give me an error?
Please note that V-Ray is only supported on Qt 5 versions of Houdini. If you run into trouble starting up V-Ray for Houdini, please make sure you operate a Qt 5 version of Houdini before contacting us.