This page provides details on the V-Ray for Unreal Render Settings.

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When the Settings button is pressed, the V-Ray Settings tab pops up. It provides access to all options available in V-Ray for Unreal.




Interactive - Toggles between interactive and production rendering. Features such as Light cache and on-demand mipmapping are not supported in interactive mode.

Lock Render Camera/View – When enabled, locks the render camera from Render from Camera/View .

Render from Camera/View – Specifies the view to render from when the V-Ray render button is clicked.

Lock Image Aspect – When enabled, locks the X value and scales the Y according to the viewport size.

Resolution – Sets the output resolution for rendering.

Export VRScene – Enables the export of a .vrscene file when the V-Ray render button is clicked.

Export VRScene Path – Directory where the .vrscene file is saved with the file name output.vrscene. Default directory is <Unreal_install_path>\UE_4.XX\Engine\Plugins\VRayForUnreal\Content

Compress – Compresses geometric information when Export VRScene is enabled, thus making the resulting .vrscene file is smaller.

Include Vrscene – Specifies a .vrscene file with various setting to be applied at render. For advanced users that are familiar with vrscene file structure.




Quick Settings

Quality Presets – A slider for a set of presets. When changing the preset from the drop-down menu, the values of the overall settings also change.

0 - Custom; 1 - Draft; 2 - Fast; 3 - Balanced; 4 - Pretty; 5 - Ultra

Camera Settings

Auto Correction Mode – Specifies which camera to use the automatic exposure and white balance setting.

All cameras
Cameras without exposure only

Auto Exposure – Automatically determines an appropriate exposure value for the render. It requires Light Cache to be set as a GI engine and Interactive turned off.

Auto White Balance – Automatically determines a suitable white balance value for the image. It requires Light Cache to be set as a GI engine and Interactive turned off.

Auto Exposure and Auto White Balance work only when using Light Cache as GI solution.

Render Settings

Time Limit (Minutes) – Specifies the maximum time (in minutes) for refining the image.

Noise Limit – A threshold that determines when to stop refining a pixel. Higher values allow more noise in the image, but the render is faster. Lower values help reduce the noise, but take more time to render. A value of 0.0 traces the entire image unconditionally.

Sample Limit – Specifies the maximum number of samples per pixel for refining the image. V-Ray performs adaptive sampling on the image, trying to put more samples into areas with more noise.

Global Illumination

GI Engine – Specifies the type of secondary engine. Note that Brute force is always used as a primary engine.

None – Disables calculations of GI. Only direct illumination will be calculated.

Brute Force

GI Depth – The number of bounces for indirect illumination.

Light Cache

Subdivs – Determines how many paths are traced from the camera. The actual number of paths is the square of the subdivs (the default 500 subdivs mean that 250,000 paths will be traced from the camera).

Sample Size – Controls the size of the individual light cache samples.

Retrace – Enables retracing of GI near corners. This helps prevent light leaks and flickering. The value specifies the extent to which GI near corners is retraced instead of being read from the light cache. A value of 0.0 disables retracing. A value of 2.0 is good for still images. Higher values will result in more rays traces at render time.

Environment – Specifies which VRaySettingsEnvironment blueprint will be used at render time for environment overrides. Blueprint must be picked from the level and assigned using either the drop-down list or the picker.


Shadow Bias – A global parameter for lights. This value moves the shadow toward or away from the shadow-casting object (or objects). Higher values move the shadow toward the object(s) while lower values move it away. If this value is too extreme, shadows can "leak" through places they shouldn't or "detach" from an object.


Fallback Material – Specifies what material to be used at render time for unsupported materials. If the slot is empty actors that have unsupported materials assigned will be rendered transparent.

Fallback Material only works with V-Ray Material Instances





VRay CUDA GPU Device Select

You may not want to use all available GPU devices for rendering, especially if you have multiple GPUs and you want to leave one of them free for working on the user interface or you may want to combine your CPU and GPU together. Enable the desired render device by ticking the checkbox.


VRay Render Elements

Denoiser – A render element that progressively applies a denoising operation to the image. The denoising operation detects areas where noise is present and smooths them out.

None – No render element will be generated.

V-Ray Denoiser – V-Ray's denoising algorithm.

NVIDIA AI Denoiser – V-Ray's integration of NVIDIA's AI-based denoising algorithm. The NVIDIA AI denoiser requires an NVIDIA GPU to work.

VRay Render Elements

Beauty – The Beauty Render Elements are the primary render elements that form V-Ray's pre-composited final render Beauty (RGB_Color).

Filters – Shows only the selected set of channels in the render, disregarding any backgrounds, textures, etc.

Masks – Provides a variety of Render Elements to be used as masks in the compositing process.

Coordinates – The Coordinates Render Elements are based on the scene geometry, but serve different purposes.

Light Select – Stores direct lighting information from user-selected lights in the scene; can also be limited to the light's raw, diffuse, or specular contribution.

Utilities –This group of Render Elements can be used for troubleshooting purposes.

Custom – You can add any of the render channels again from the Custom option, allowing you to use it with a different setup.

For more information on the V-Ray Render Elements, see the Render Elements page.






Low GPU Thread Priority – When enabled, V-Ray will try to lessen the load on GPUs working on displaying graphics to the monitor(s). This frees more resources to complete other processes and tasks for the OS. This is done by internally using a lower value for Ray bundle size for those GPUs with attached displays (Rays per pixel is still the same for all GPUs). This can affect the overall performance, and the render speed might be reduced. It is recommended to utilize a separate GPU for the display, if possible.

Undersampling – When enabled, IPR starts rendering the image at a lower resolution in order to speed up the initial preview. Later the image is rendered at its final resolution. The higher the value the lower resolution will be the initial preview.

Rays Per Pixel – The number of rays that are traced for each pixel during one image pass. The greater the value, the smoother the picture from the very beginning of the rendering with GI, but interactivity might be significantly diminished. Increasing this value also reduces the amount of data transferred from the render servers back to the client machine.

Rays Bundle Size – Controls the number of rays that are sent to the V-Ray render servers for processing. When using distributed rendering, smaller sizes cause more frequent client-server communication with smaller network packets, thus decreasing the speed of the renderer but increasing the interactivity. Conversely, larger values increase the render speed, but decrease interactivity. Note that this number is not the exact amount of rays, but is proportional to it. It is not recommended to increase this value beyond 512.

Trace Depth – The maximum number of bounces that will be computed for reflections and refractions. The individual material reflection/refraction depth settings are still considered, as long as they don't exceed the value specified here.


Mode – Determines how texture resolution and size will be handled to help optimize memory usage.

Full-size – Textures are loaded at their original size.

Resize – Adjusts the size of high-resolution textures to a smaller resolution in order to optimize render performance. The GPU engine will load as much texture tiles on the GPU as it can, then swap the ones that are needed between GPU RAM and CPU RAM.

On-demand – Instead of loading all the texture files at their default resolution (original or resized), V-Ray will load the textures as needed and will automatically create mip-map tiles for them (regardless of their texture type). As a result, the GPU memory consumption could be decreased; textures that are not visible will not be loaded, and textures that are further away from the camera will be loaded with lower resolution.

Max Size – When the Mode parameter is set to Resize, this value specifies the resolution to which textures will be resized.

Distributed Rendering

On – Enables or disables distributed rendering for V-Ray for Unreal. Use the Render Servers list to specify the machines that will be used for distributed rendering.

Render Servers – Specifies the render servers. Click the + button to manually add a server by entering its IP address or network name followed by its port number (default is 20207) (e.g.




We recommend to enable Low GPU Thread Priority if you have only one graphics card. The render time will increase but you will have a more responsive viewport.