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This page provides information on the Image Filter rollout in the V-Ray tab of the Render Settings.


Page Contents

Table of Contents
maxLevel3
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Overview


While the Image Sampler determines the overall approach to pixel sampling to produce the color for each pixel, the image filter sharpens or blurs the transitions between adjacent pixel colors. 

Image filtering is particularly important when textures in the rendering include very fine detail. For a still image rendering, the image filter can sharpen these details to make them more visible and prominent, or blur the pixels to reduce Moiré patterns and other unwanted artifacts. For an animated sequence, the choice of image filter can blur pixels to reduce "buzzing" and flickering of detailed textures during playback.

 

Parameters


 

 

 

Image filter – Enables sub-pixel filtering of materials. When this option is disabled, an internal 1x1 pixel box filter is used. All image samplers support all 3ds Max's standard anti-aliasing filters except the Plate Match filter. Using filters increases rendering time.

Filter – Specifies the filter type. For more information, see The Anti-aliasing Filters example and The Anti-aliasing Filters and Moire Effects example below.

Note: Avoid using filters with negative components (sharpening filters) like Catmull-Rom or Mitchell-Netravali when using the Progressive sampler. Doing so might dramatically increase render time as the sampler needs to take additional image samples to resolve the filter.

 

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aaFilters
aaFilters


 

Example: Anti-aliasing Filters

 

Here is an example briefly demonstrating the effect of different anti-aliasing filters on the final result.  

Note that rendering with a particular filter is not the same as rendering without a filter and then blurring the image in a post-processing program like Adobe Photoshop. Filters are applied on a sub-pixel level, over the individual sub-pixel samples. Therefore, applying the filter at render time produces a much more accurate and subtle result than applying it as a post effect. V-Ray can use all standard 3ds Max filters (with the exception of the Plate match filter) and produces similar results to the scanline renderer.  

The Bucket image sampler was used for the images below.

 

FilterImageZoomed-in imageComments
Filtering is off

Applies an internal 1x1 pixel box filter.
Area filter, size 1.5 (default setting)

Slightly blurs the image, visually more pleasing than the box filter.
Area filter, size 4.0

More blurring.

Blend filter

Combination of a sharp and a soft filter, kind of dreamy effect.

Catmull-Rom

Edge-enhancing filter, often used for architectural visualizations. Note that edge enhancing can produce "moire" effects on detailed geometry.

Mitchell-Netravali

Allows control between edge-enhancement and blurring.

MItchell-Netravali, ringing=1.5

Strong edge-enhancement.

Mitchell-Netravali, ringing=2.0

Even more edge enhancement; kind of cartoon-style effect.

Soften

Gaussian blur.

 

 

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moireEffects
moireEffects



Example: Anti-aliasing Filters and Moire Effects


This example demonstrates the effect anti-aliasing filters have on moire effects in your images. Sharpening filters (Mitchell-Netralavli, Catmull-Rom) may enhance moire effects, even if your image sampling rate is very high. Blurring filters (Area, Quadratic, Cubic) reduce moire effects.

Note that moire effects are not necessarily a result of poor image sampling. In general, moire effects appear simply because the image is discretized into square pixels. As such, moire effects are inherent to digital images. The effect can be reduced through the usage of different anti-aliasing filters, but is not completely avoidable.

The scene is very simple: a sphere with a very fine checker map applied. The images were rendered with a very high sampling rate (15 subdivs, or 225 rays/pixel). This is enough to produce quite an accurate approximation to the pixel values. Note that the image looks quite different depending on the filter:

 

Section
Column
width5%

 

Column
width30%

Image Filter off

 

Column
width30%


Area
size = 1.5

 

Column
width30%


Area
size = 4.0

 

Column
width5%

 

Section
Column
width5%

 

Column
width30%

 

Quadratic

 

Column
width30%

Sharp Quadratic

 

Column
width30%

Cubic

 

Column
width5%

 

Section
Column
width5%

 

Column
width30%

Video

 

Column
width30%

Soften
size = 6.0

 

Column
width30%

Cook Variable
size = 2.5

 

Column
width5%

 

Section
Column
width5%

 

Column
width30%

Blend
size = 8.0, blend = 0.3

 

Column
width30%

Blackman

 

Column
width30%

Mitchell-Netravali, blur = 0.333, ringing = 0.333

 

Column
width5%

 

Catmull-Rom